Tuberculosis and COVID-19 are similar in that they are spread through the respiratory tract through close contact with a carrier. However, there are some differences.
Tuberculosis and SARS-CoV-2 virus are similar in that they are spread through the respiratory tract through close contact with a carrier. However, there are some differences.
Differences between tuberculosis infection and SARS-CoV-2 virus
The world is facing the SARS-CoV-2 virus pandemic, making us all feel confused and bewildered. Because SARS-CoV-2 virus was a strange disease and the number of infected people and deaths increased rapidly in advanced countries such as the United States, France, and the UK.
The World Health Sector is facing a tense situation with this disease but it is not for that reason that we are left behind diseases that have been and are dangerous. To do this, hospitals have specific monitoring programs and plans for good management.
WHO asserts that it is important to ensure essential services and activities to address the problems of new TB detection and tuberculosis treatment for patients. At the same time, it combines prevention of SARS-CoV-2 virus infection in the community.
The World Health Organization (WHO) is advising member states to lead the SARS-CoV-2 virus pandemic. Therefore, TB patients must follow the WHO guidelines as well as those of other countries in the context of the CoVid 19 pandemic, which helps to minimize the spread of epidemics.
Tuberculosis and SARS-CoV-2 virus are similar in that they are spread through the respiratory tract through close contact with a carrier. However, there are some differences as follows:
– Tuberculosis bacilli are still suspended in the air in the form of droplets of dust shot for several hours after TB, coughing, sneezing, and tuberculosis patients … and those who inhale them may become infected.
– The size of these droplets is a major determinant of infection. The concentration of tuberculosis bacteria suspended in the air decreases when there is ventilation and exposure to direct sunlight.
– SARS-CoV-2 virus is spread mainly through direct inhalation of droplets coming from people with SARS-CoV-2 virus. These droplets can be caused by coughing, sneezing, exhaling and it can fall on surfaces of objects, floors and contact with SARS-CoV-2 virus by touching them and then touching them. into eyes, nose or mouth.
Therefore, in addition to respiratory precautions, hand washing is important in controlling SARS-CoV-2 virus.
On the other hand, hospital facilities create aerosols that can infect both diseases. Therefore only aerosol measures should be taken in the recommended protected environment.
Are people with tuberculosis at risk of SARS-CoV-2 virus infection, serious illness and death?
Experience of SARS-CoV-2 virus infection in tuberculosis patients is still limited. But according to some studies, people with both tuberculosis and SARS-CoV-2 virus have a poor treatment outcome, especially if TB treatment is interrupted, the prognosis will be worse.
TB patients should take preventive measures as recommended by Health authorities to be protected from SARS-CoV-2 virus infection and continue TB treatment as prescribed.
People infected with SARS-CoV-2 virus and people with pulmonary tuberculosis have symptoms similar to cough, fever and shortness of breath.
Both diseases predominate primarily in the lungs, and although both are spread mainly through close contact, the incubation period from exposure to tuberculosis to longer presentation of tuberculosis is usually slow onset. Meanwhile, the incubation period of SARS-CoV-2 virus averaged 2 weeks and the symptoms were massively more.