Elderly people should carry out leisure activities such as tending plants, exercising… to avoid stress and anxiety during the COVID-19 pandemic.
In elderly people, the aging process makes the immune system weakened, granting them more susceptible to diseases, including SARS-CoV-2 causing COVID-19.
In addition, the elderly often suffer from many chronic diseases such as hypertension, cardiovascular, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, asthma, diabetes, dyslipidemia, chronic kidney disease, cancer, osteoarthritis, obesity… If these conditions are not well controlled, it will lead to a weaker immune system which makes the body have more severe symptoms if infected.
Besides, the elderly who have many diseases and have to use many drugs, especially drugs containing corticosteroids, cancer treatment drugs, drugs that inhibit the immune system… must be extra careful.
4 tips for elderly people to effectively prevent COVID-19:
1. Compliance with chronic disease treatment
Adhere to the regime of treating chronic background diseases on a regular basis. Do not stop the drug, prepare the usual drugs for long-term use.
If the condition is stable, minimize re-examination during the pandemic, may be re-examined every 2 months.
2. Protect yourself carefully when going to a doctor
In cases where it is not possible to procrastinate such as needing medication adjustment, showing abnormalities in health, elderly patients should adhere to the following principles:
– Immediately contact the commune health station, family doctor, so choose the online examination form.
– If you are going to see patients directly, you should choose health facilities that are capable of screening and have good prevention and control measures.
– Use personal transportation when seeking medical attention.
– Wear a mask, use hand sanitizer regularly, at least 20 – 30 seconds each time you wash your hands, and wear protective hats / hats (if possible) during your visit.
– Avoid sitting near other patients (stay at least 2 meters or 2 arm spans away from others). Do not go to crowded places such as canteens, elevators, toilets … if not absolutely necessary.
– When returning home, immediately remove your used mask, wash antiseptic hands, change clothes, shoes …
3. Take care of your health
Elderly people should take care of the body by: practicing breathing, stretching or meditation; exercise at home; Eat enough nutrients, get enough sleep; perform favorite activities indoors such as reading, taking care of plants; Indirect contact, keep in touch with relatives, friends via phone, internet.
On the other hand, it is advisable to control stress and anxiety during the epidemic season by avoiding reading and viewing information on social networks too often; Do not receive negative information. When you feel worried, uncomfortable, you should actively talk to relatives, or discuss issues to prepare in case of unstable health.
4. Good hygiene
In addition, the elderly need to take measures to prevent COVID-19 such as: implement social isolation, minimize going out of the house or to crowded places; wash your hands often; avoid touching unwashed hands to eyes, nose, and mouth; wear a mask properly when out of the home; cover your mouth and nose with your elbows when you cough or sneeze; Do not spit indiscriminately in public places; Keep the place clean, cool and use fans instead of air conditioners.
At home, regularly clean and disinfect houses, especially surfaces, hand or contact objects. Family members must also follow the above instructions to protect both themselves and the elderly in the family.